Tuesday, April 23, 2013


 Types of riggs and styles-
Sloop: a Bermuda or gaff mainsail lifted by a single mast with a single jib bent onto the forestay, held taut with a backstay. The mainsail is usually managed with a spar on the underside called a "boom". One of the best-performing rigs per square foot of sail area and is fast for up-wind passages. This rig is the most popular for recreational boating because of its potential for high performance. On small boats, it can be a simple rig. On larger sloops, the large sails have high loads, and one must manage them with winches or multiple purchase block-and-tackle devices
my 21 ft half pint 
  Sloops are usually pretty friggin efficient in to the wind, and make sailing look like golfing  just anether average , joe boat, tea in off! , anyway not to say that they suck, but we want to stand out, and a sloop, not so much.

  Cutter: like a sloop but  with two or more headsails in the foretriangle. Better than a sloop for light winds, it is also easier to manage, due to the sail area being split up between smaller sails which require less force to trim as compared to the larger single jib of the sloop. The mast is located at about 50% of boat length. Cutters are good on broad reaches, and in light wind, cutters make good pirate boats because of the extra sails, iv even rigged jury rigged sloops with a bow sprit and thru out a head sail, on a broad reach only.

Schooner: (a) A fore-and-aft rigged sailing vessel having at least two masts, with a foremast that is usually smaller than the other masts. (b) Originally, a small, sharp-built vessel, with two masts and fore-and-aft rig. Sometimes it carried square topsails on one or both masts and was called a topsail schooner. this was my 30 murrey Peterson schooner Heidi 

  • To be honest my gaff rigg schooner was a pig, to meny sheets, to much work not for lazy sailors who wanna get anywhere that year.

  • Topsail Schooner: a schooner having one or more square-rigged sails on its foremast, but still having gaff-rigged main sails on all masts.
Topsail schooner has the right of way!

Yawl :::::: like a sloop or catboat with a mizzen mast located aft (closer to the stern of the vessel) of the rudder post. The miz zen is small, and is intended to help provide helm balance

yawls are better then a ketch cuz, the mizzin is behind you, so its one less crack to the head.

  • Ketch: like a yawl, but the mizzenmast is often much larger, and is located forward of the rudder post. The purpose of the mizzen sail in a ketch rig, unlike the yawl rig, is to provide drive to the hull. A ketch rig allows for shorter sails than a sloop with the same sail area, resulting in a lower center of sail and less overturning moment. The shorter masts therefore reduce the amount of ballast and stress on the rigging needed to keep the boat upright. Generally the rig is safer and less prone to broaching or capsize than a comparable sloop, and has more flexibility in sailplan when reducing sail under strong crosswind conditions—the mainsail can be brought down entirely (not requiring reefing) and the remaining rig will be both balanced on the helm and capable of driving the boat. The ketch is a classic small cargo boat

Now a ketch, is just too much work, and havin 2 booms in front of ya is freaky!

catboat:* a sailboat with a single mast and single sail, usually gaff-rigged. This is the easiest sail-plan to sail, and is used on the smallest and simplest boats. The catboat is a classic fishing boat. A popular movement among home-built boats uses this simple rig to make "folk-boats." One of the advantages of this type is that it can be rigged with no boom to hit one's head or knock one into the water. However, the gaff requires two halyards and often two topping lifts. The weight of the gaff spar high in the rigging can be undesirable. The gaff's fork (jaws) is held on by a rope threaded through beads called trucks (US) or parrel beads (UK). The gaff must slide down the mast, and therefore prevents any stays from bracing the mast. This usually makes the rig even heavier, requiring yet more ballast.

  • cat boats look funny with no cables,ie shrouds or stays, i dont know man, but seems pritty freaky.

  • Junk: the standard Chinese design: The sails are made flat with bamboo inserts (battens), permitting them to sail well on any point of sail. Easy to sail, and reasonably fast. The nature of the rig places no extreme loads anywhere on the sail or rigging, thus can be built using light-weight, less expensive materials. Some of the largest sailing ships ever constructed were junks for the Chinese treasure fleets. Junks also customarily had internal water-tight rooms, kept so by not having doors between them. Usually they were constructed of teak or mahogany

  •  Junks arnt junky, they are the easiest riggs to sail, i would argue about how good they are into windward, because there pritty dam good, try it.

  • Brig: two masts, both square-rigged with a spanker on the mainmast, and we all love to be spanked!
  •  Gaff rig[1] is a sailing rig (configuration of sails) in which the sail is four-cornered, fore-and-aft rigged, controlled at its peak and, usually, its entire head by a spar (pole) called the gaff. The gaff enables a fore and aft sail to be four sided, rather than triangular, and as much as doubles the sail area that can be carried by that mast and boom (if a boom is used in the particular rig). Additionally, for any given area of sail, the gaff rig will have a lower heeling moment than a triangular sail, lower center of gravity see (CE)- (CLR)) in chpter 3.  junk riggs, lattens, luggs, gaff- pic above is my 30 atkin gaff rigg cutter, again like my gaff rigg scooner, pigs int the wind, but there heavy and look pirateish, there hard to sail, that’s why we tend to lean towards thes sluggs.
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/14/Bermuda_rig_-_17th_Century_woodcut.jpg/200px-Bermuda_rig_-_17th_Century_woodcut.jpglatteen rigg, again a classic , scally wagg rigg, crappy into windward, and looks sloppy, I personally have never sailed a lateen

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